Public domain The Haitian Revolution has often been described as the largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere. It is certainly the only servile uprising that led to the creation of an independent nation, Haiti. Slaves initiated the rebellion in and by they had succeeded in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony.
This plantation system, which provided such a pivotal role in the French economy, was also the greatest individual market for the African slave trade. Yet, conflict and resentment permeated the society of San Domingo, and slave resistance began to take an organized form in the late 18th century.
The French Revolution did inspire many inbut black resistance had existed for years. In August of an organized slave rebellion broke out, marking the start of a twelve-year resistance to obtain human rights.
The Haitian Revolution is the only successful slave revolt in history, and resulted in the establishment of Haiti, the first independent black state in the New World. One must emphasize the struggles that had been occurring for decades prior to the outbreak of full-scale rebellion.
Yet the French Revolution was also crucially important, for the conflicts between whites about what exactly its ideals meant triggered an opportunity for blacks.
A historically significant step was the issuance of the Declaration of Rights of Man passed in France on August 26, It stated, "In the eyes of the law all citizens are equal. News of the Declaration of Rights of Man brought new hopes to the black masses.
Meanwhile, plantation owners and the French government continued to exploit the slaves for profit. Descendents of mixed blood were trying to establish suffrage from a recent National Assembly ruling.
However the white Colonial Assembly ignored French efforts. These mulatto-led revolts were the first challenges against French rule and the slaveholding system. In August ofthe first organized black rebellion ignited the twelve-year San Domingo Revolution.
The northern settlements were hit first, and the flood that overwhelmed them revealed the military strength and organization of the black masses. Plantations were destroyed, and white owners killed to escape the oppression. These men would help to guide the Revolution down its torturous, bloody road to complete success, although it would cost over twelve years and hundreds of thousands of lives.
Many of those leaders themselves would fall along the way, but the force of unity against slavery, a unity deeply embedded in the creole culture that bound the blacks together, would sustain the revolution.
Toussaint and thousands of blacks joined them in April The agreement was if the blacks fought against the royalists, the French would promise freedom. Furthermore, the British wanted to put down the slave rebellion in order to protect their own slave colonies.
In June of British forces landed on the island and worked with Spain to attack the French. Yet, the British forces soon fell victim to yellow fever. With more uncertainties presenting themselves, Toussaint decided to pledge his support to the French, on May 6, Toussaint was appointed governor in and he continued to follow his ideas for an autonomous black- led San Domingo.
The Haitian Revolution, however, was much more complex, consisting of several revolutions going on simultaneously. These revolutions were influenced by the French Revolution of , which would come to represent a new concept of human rights, universal citizenship, and participation in government. Hence, the violence of the Haitian Revolution and the ideas of equality that resulted from the uprising pushed Americans to pursue a more radical and immediate abolition of slavery. The Haitian Revolution resulted in the formation of the first black republic in the western hemisphere. Mar 18, · Haitian Revolution Overview - Words. MWH French and Haitian Revolution Comparison Essay In the French Revolution, and the Haitian Revolution, , the people wanted more rights and equalities. France wanted to gain independence from Britain and equality for nobles. Haiti wanted to gain independence .
By JanuaryToussaint was the head of a semi-independent San Domingo. Napoleon saw this as a threat and sent his brother-in-law Victor-Emmanuel Leclerc from France with 20, troops to capture Toussaint, and re-establish slavery in the colony.
Toussaint was deceived incaptured and shipped to France, where he eventually died in prison. But the struggle for independence continued and by late the north and south arenas of the island united and defeated the French under Rochambeau.
He was assassinated inand the country divided between rival successors. Yet, the rebels had shattered the enslaved colony and forged from the ruins the free nation of Haiti.Overview of First Essay The shortest account which one typically hears of the Haitian Revolution is that the slaves rose up In and by had driven the whites out of Saint-Domingue, (the colonial name of Haiti) declaring the independent Republic of Haiti.
Essay on Texas Revolution Texas Revolution, a rebellion in late and early by residents of Texas, then a part of northern Mexico, against the Mexican government and military. The rebellion led to the establishment of the independent Republic of Texas.
Mar 18, · Haitian Revolution Overview - Words. MWH French and Haitian Revolution Comparison Essay In the French Revolution, and the Haitian Revolution, , the people wanted more rights and equalities.
France wanted to gain independence from Britain and equality for nobles. Haiti wanted to gain independence . French and Haitian Revolution Comparison Introduction The turn of the 19th century was a period of revolutions that brought about drastic impacts and changes to many Western nations.
The Haitian Revolution was a series of conflicts that took place between and General unrest arose in the early s from the conflicting interests of the various ethnic, racial, and political groups in Saint-Domingue (now Haiti).
Overview Essay on the Haitian Revolution: Resistance and the Haitian Revolution: The Haitian Revolution is the only successful slave revolt in history, and resulted in the establishment of Haiti, the first independent black state in the New World.