Nursing theory about medication error

The most appropriate nursing order for a patient who develops dyspnea and shortness of breath would be… a. Maintain the patient on strict bed rest at all times b. Maintain the patient in an orthopneic position as needed c. Allow a 1 hour rest period between activities 2.

Nursing theory about medication error

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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The main professional goal of nurses is to provide and improve human health.

Medication errors are among the most common health threatening mistakes that affect patient care. Such mistakes are considered as a global problem which increases mortality rates, length of hospital stay, and related costs. This study was conducted to evaluate the types and causes of nursing medication errors.

This cross-sectional study was conducted in A total number of nurses were randomly selected from nurses working in Imam Khomeini Hospital Tehran, Iran.

They filled out a questionnaire including 10 items on demographic characteristics and 7 items about medication errors.

Nursing theory about medication error

Medication errors had been made by The most common types of reported errors were wrong dosage and infusion rate. The most common causes were using abbreviations instead of full names of drugs and similar names of drugs. Therefore, the most important cause of medication errors was lack of pharmacological knowledge.

There were no statistically significant relationships between medication errors and years of working experience, age, and working shifts.

However, a significant relationship was found between errors in intravenous injections and gender. Likewise, errors in oral administration were significantly related with number of patients.

Medication errors are a major problem in nursing. Since most cases of medication errors are not reported by nurses, nursing managers must demonstrate positive responses to nurses who report medication errors in order to improve patient safety.

Many errors originate from the natural process of cognitive and behavioral adaptations which develop the correct behavioral skills. It is also the main component of nursing performance and has a prominent role in patient safety. Inappropriate use of drugs can impose additional hospitalization costs due to adverse medicinal effects and not receiving the required medication.

However, according to the increased number of complaints from medical staff to courts and increased judiciary evidence, experts consider the rates of medication errors to be high in the mentioned countries. As we were also faced with this issue in our clinical observations, we decided to evaluate the viewpoints of nurses about the types and causes of medication errors.

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The inclusion criteria were appropriate physical and mental health status, having at least 6 months of working experience, and willingness to participate. The protocol of the study was approved by the research deputy of the mentioned hospital.

On explaining the objectives of the study and reassuring the confidentiality of the collected information, nurses consented to participate.

Data collection tool was a self-made questionnaire which had been prepared and adjusted based on literature review. Nurses with more than one case of medication error had to select only one item.

The content validity of the questionnaire had been established by literature review and opinions of experts.

The questionnaires were anonymous and often filled out by the participants. Data analyses were performed by descriptive statistics tables, graphs, mean, and standard deviation and inferential statistics. SPSS for Windows More than half of the participants were contract nurses More than one-third of the participants While a great number of nurses The mean incidence of medication errors for each nurse during the 3-month period of the study was 7.

The most common types of reported medication errors were inappropriate dosage and infusion rate [ Figure 1 ].

Nursing theory about medication error

The most common causes of medication errors were using abbreviations instead of full names of drugs in prescriptions and similarities in drug names.With her long dark hair flying, Saorla Meenagh, 10, (pictured above) can execute a perfect switch leap, one leg out, one tucked under, her arms glued to her sides in classic Irish step-dancing style.

Sep 14,  · 5. D. All of the identified nursing responsibilities are pertinent when a patient is receiving heparin. The normal activated partial thromboplastin time is 16 to 25 seconds and the normal prothrombin time is 12 to 15 seconds; these levels must remain Author: THE NURSING CORNER. Mayo Clinic Health Letter provides reliable, authoritative and accurate health information.

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Discover why it is one of the leading health publications. Nursing Theory Wendy Benson Chamberlain College of Nursing Theoretical Basis of Advanced Nursing NR July 20, Nursing Theory Nursing theories are the basic concepts that define nursing practice and provide .

Enhancing Medication Safety in Clinical: A Video for Students and Nursing Faculty. by Melanie Neumeier, RN. Masters of Nursing Student, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Abstract. The high incidence of preventable medical errors in health care is a key factor that has led to pressure on health care organizations to implement electronic medical records (EMRs) as a means to mitigate the issues antecedent to these adverse outcomes.

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