Posted on November 30, by Scott Alexander [epistemic status: My bias is against the current college system doing much good. I have tried not to be bogged down by this bias, but take it into account when reading my interpretations below.
When examining the vast literature on critical thinking, various definitions of critical thinking emerge. Here are some samples: To recognize its strengths and weaknesses and, as a result, 2.
To recast the thinking in improved form" Center for Critical Thinking, c. Perhaps the simplest definition is offered by Beyer Basically, Beyer sees critical thinking as using criteria to judge the quality of something, from cooking to a conclusion of a research paper. In essence, critical thinking is a disciplined manner of thought that a person uses to assess the validity of something statements, news stories, arguments, research, etc.
Characteristics of Critical Thinking Wade identifies eight characteristics of critical thinking. Critical thinking involves asking questions, defining a problem, examining evidence, analyzing assumptions and biases, avoiding emotional reasoning, avoiding oversimplification, considering other interpretations, and tolerating ambiguity.
Another characteristic of critical thinking identified by many sources is metacognition. In the book, Critical Thinking, Beyer elaborately explains what he sees as essential aspects of critical thinking. Critical thinkers are skeptical, open-minded, value fair-mindedness, respect evidence and reasoning, respect clarity and precision, look at different points of view, and will change positions when reason leads them to do so.
To think critically, must apply criteria. Need to have conditions that must be met for something to be judged as believable. Although the argument can be made that each subject area has different criteria, some standards apply to all subjects.
Is a statement or proposition with supporting evidence. Critical thinking involves identifying, evaluating, and constructing arguments. The ability to infer a conclusion from one or multiple premises. To do so requires examining logical relationships among statements or data.
In a search for understanding, critical thinkers view phenomena from many different points of view. Procedures for Applying Criteria: Other types of thinking use a general procedure. Critical thinking makes use of many procedures. These procedures include asking questions, making judgments, and identifying assumptions.
Why Teach Critical Thinking?
Through technology, the amount of information available today is massive. This information explosion is likely to continue in the future.
Students need a guide to weed through the information and not just passively accept it. As mentioned in the section, Characteristics of Critical Thinkingcritical thinking involves questioning. It is important to teach students how to ask good questions, to think critically, in order to continue the advancement of the very fields we are teaching.
Beyer sees the teaching of critical thinking as important to the very state of our nation. He argues that to live successfully in a democracy, people must be able to think critically in order to make sound decisions about personal and civic affairs. If students learn to think critically, then they can use good thinking as the guide by which they live their lives.
Teaching Strategies to Help Promote Critical Thinking TheVolume 22, issue 1, of the journal, Teaching of Psychologyis devoted to the teaching critical thinking. Most of the strategies included in this section come from the various articles that compose this issue. What question related to this session remains uppermost in your mind?
Cooper argues that putting students in group learning situations is the best way to foster critical thinking. McDade describes this method as the teacher presenting a case or story to the class without a conclusion.
Using prepared questions, the teacher then leads students through a discussion, allowing students to construct a conclusion for the case. King identifies ways of using questions in the classroom:Orientation Lecture Series LEARNING TO LEARN: Developing critical thinking skills Learning Centre 2 A useful definition of the type of critical thinking you need to develop at university level is.
"Critical thinking is thinking that assesses itself" (Center for Critical Thinking, b).
"Critical thinking is the ability to think about one's thinking in such a way as 1. To recognize its strengths and weaknesses and, as a result, 2. A Definition Critical thinking is that mode of thinking - about any subject, content, or problem - in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them.
The Result A well cultivated critical thinker. What is Logos? Logos is the Greek root word from which the English logic is derived..
So, it isn’t surprising that, in speaking, logos is often equated with “logical . Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment.
The subject is complex, and several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical, unbiased analysis, or evaluation of factual ph-vs.comal thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking.
It presupposed assent to rigorous standards of. BIE’s understanding of critical thinking is influenced greatly by the ideas of Roland Case and The Critical Thinking ph-vs.com notes that critical thinking is not a different type of thought, a handspring of the mind that vaults above ordinary thinking.