Act I, scene i Summary: Act I, scene i On a dark winter night outside Elsinore Castle in Denmark, an officer named Bernardo comes to relieve the watchman Francisco.
The Journal of English and Germanic Philology. A high literary value cannot be assigned to the 'Murder of Gonzago,' but it appears to be a fair specimen of the drama of the 'Cambises' variety, which must have fallen upon the ears of Shakespeare's audience as stilted and artificial.
There is of course a good reason for the employment of this type of drama just here — the same reason as in the First Player's elocutionary effort on Hecuba; Shakespeare "had to distinguish the style of the speech from that of his own dramatic dialogue.
All this, with the antiquated dumb-show, set sharply against the prose of the speeches of Hamlet, Ophelia, and the King, would have increased its illusion as a stage stage-play. There has been a great deal of discussion about the lines inserted in the play by Hamlet.
Did Shakespeare mean that the audience should identify these?
If we must identify the insertion, it seems most likely that it is the speech of Lucianus the Poisoner, beginning "Thoughts black, hands apt, drugs fit, and time agreeing, " because of Hamlet's exultant words to Horatio after the play is over, when his test of the King's guilt has fully succeeded.
O good Horatio, I'll take the ghost's word for a thousand pound. Very well, my lord. Upon the talk of the poisoning? I did very well note him.
This fits well with Hamlet's request before the play that Horatio shall narrowly observe the King, and see if "his occulted guilt do not itself unkennel in one speech. No dramatic purpose would be served by such knowledge, as far as the play-scene itself is concerned.
On the other hand, the interest is heightened if the audience is kept wondering which the fatal speech is to be, and watching, like Horatio, who has not been told which speech it is, for the king's self-betrayal.
Shakespeare twice warns the audience through the mouth of Hamlet that the action of the play is to be strikingly like that of the murder. When Hamlet is elaborating his plan, some little time later than his first avowal of intention to make use of the 'Murder of Gonzago,' and insert a speech, he muses, I'll have these players Play something like the murder of my father.
And still later, in his words to Horatio, There is a play tonight before the king; One scene of it conies near the circumstance Which I have told thee of my father's death. So no strain is imposed upon the credulity of the audience, after all this preparation, to find the action of the play — and of the dumb-show — so like the murder.
In point of fact, playgoers never are disturbed by it. And unless they are gimlet-eyed critics, they will not stop to inquire where the "dozen or sixteen lines" are, or whether Hamlet modified the action, inserting, let us say, the detail of the poison in the ears.
They know that he was superintending the performance of the play, writing in a speech, and training the actors; that the play was of his own choice, and that one part of it was to be very like the murder of the elder Hamlet. That is enough, surely, for ordinary dramatic purposes.
Shakespeare has, indeed, been somewhat more careful here than is his wont; he frequently asks his audience to swallow very large coincidences for the sake of dramatic effect.
In the present instance, the coincidences are not really so great, perhaps, as they seem. They may be summed up in a sentence: Stories of a man who makes love to a female relative or betrothed of a man he has killed are not uncommon, either in history or fiction.
But I do not believe that Shakespeare meant his audience to go so far as this.Recommended: 10th, 11th, 12th. Prerequisite: This follows Literature and Composition in the progression, but it can be taken without having completed the other. Test Prep: CLEP English Literature, SAT.
Course Description: Students will receive an overview of British literature from early Anglo-Saxon to ph-vs.comry study will be infused with historical applications for a better. Imagery of Disease in Hamlet: In Hamlet Shakespeare weaves the dominant motif of disease into every scene to illustrate the corrupt state of Denmark and Hamlet's all-consuming pessimism.
Images of ulcers, pleurisy, full body pustules, apoplexy, and madness parallel the sins of drunkenness, espionage, war, adultery, and murder, to reinforce the central idea that Denmark is dying. In a remote corner of El Salvador, investigators uncovered the remains of a horrible crime — a crime that Washington had long denied.
The villagers of El Mozote had the misfortune to find themselves in the path of the Salvadoran Army's anti-Communist crusade.
- The play Hamlet, written by William Shakespeare, builds up a story beginning with the murder of Hamlet`s father, as it leads to the downfall of not only Claudius, Old King Hamlet`s brother, but also Hamlet`s death, as the story slowly unravels with the death of many other characters, and the events that shape the story into its final moments.
Mar 14, · Essay, term paper research paper on Eating Disorders. Abuse Counseling 2 Abstract The consequences of substance abuse, domestic abuse, sexual abuse, and food abuse in the United States are enormously costly (Greeno, ).
Jan 22, · this is my final exam on Hamlet from my senior year in high school. this document features the long essay questions from our brilliant teacher, john mcsweeney, and my essay in response to those questions.
i wasn't very good at essay exams, but i got better because of mcsweeney. note: page 8 is out of order. it repeats as the last page, where it belongs.5/5(2).