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Durbar of [ edit ] The Delhi Durbar of The Viceroy of India is seated on the dais to the left.
Called the "Proclamation Durbar ", the Durbar offor which the organisation was undertaken by Thomas Henry Thorntonwas held beginning on 1 January to proclaim Queen Victoria as Empress of India by the British.
The Durbar was largely an official event and not a popular occasion with mass participation like later durbars in and It was attended by the 1st Earl of Lytton — Viceroy of Indiamaharajasnawabs and intellectuals. Inside the Victoria Memorial in Calcutta is an inscription taken from the Message of Queen Victoria presented at the Durbar to the people of India: We trust that the present occasion may tend to unite in bonds of close affection ourselves and our subjects; that from the highest to the humblest, all may feel that under our rule the great principles of liberty, equity, and justice are secured to them; and to promote their happiness, to add to their prosperity, and advance their welfare, are the ever present aims and objects of our Empire.
Joshi's citation put forth a demand couched in very polite language: Her Majesty to grant to India the same political and social status as is enjoyed by her British subjects.
With this demand, it can be said that the campaign for a free India was formally launched,  which was the beginning of a great transformation for India.
The two full weeks of festivities were devised in meticulous detail by Lord CurzonViceroy of India. Souvenir guide books were sold and maps of the camping ground distributed. Marketing opportunities were craftily exploited.
A special Delhi Durbar Medal was struck, firework displays, exhibitions and glamorous dances held. The assembly awaiting them displayed possibly the greatest collection of jewels to be seen in one place.
Each of the Indian princes was adorned with the most spectacular of his gems from the collections of centuries.
Maharajahs came with great retinues from all over India, many of them meeting for the first time while the massed ranks of the Indian armies, under their Commander-in-Chief Lord Kitchenerparaded, played their bands and restrained the crowds of common people.
The durbar ceremony itself fell on New Year's Day and was followed by days of polo and other sports, dinners, balls, military reviews, bands, and exhibitions. The event culminated in a grand coronation ball attended only by the highest ranking guests, all reigned over by Lord Curzon and more so by the stunning Lady Curzon in her glittering jewels and regal peacock gown.
Practically every ruling prince and nobleman in India, plus thousands of landed gentry and other persons of note, attended to pay obeisance to their sovereigns.
The official ceremonies lasted from 7 December to 16 December, with the Durbar itself occurring on Tuesday, 12 December. They received homage from the native princes — including one woman, the Begum of Bhopal — at the shamiana ceremonial tent ; controversy ensued when the Gaekwar of Baroda, Maharajah Emperor Sayajirao IIIapproached the royal couple without his jewellery on, and after a simple bow turned his back to them when leaving.
His action was interpreted at the time as a sign of dissent to British rule. The annulment of the Partition of Bengal was also announced during the ceremony . The day after, on 13 December, the royal couple made a darshan an appearance at the jharoka balcony window of Red Fortto receive half a million or more of the common people who had come to greet them, a custom which was started by Shahjahan.
Malik Mohammed Umar Hayat Khanbut their duties were more ceremonial than heraldic. A further two hundred were struck in gold,  a hundred of which were awarded to Indian princely rulers and the highest ranking government officers.
It is mostly overgrown, neglected and locked.
The Park is sometimes used for big religious festivals and municipal conventions. The Indian National Congress passed a motion weeks after his accession calling for a boycott of any such visit, and in February Communist MP Willie Gallacher decried expenditure on such festivities in a country of such poverty.Columbia Convent School was established in the year and managed by Columbia Educational Society.
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