Overview[ edit ] The city was founded in the early 20th century, and until recently it was a small fishing village. But since the s, it has been continually enlarged by Egyptian and foreign investors to become the leading coastal resort on the Red Sea.
Arab Republic of Egypt Previously: The United Arab Republic. The Egyptian Kingdom Orientation Identification. Egypt is the internationally used name but not the name used by the people of the country.
It derives from the Greek Aegyptos, which in turn probably comes from ancient Egyptian words referring to the land Hut-ka-ptah, or "house of the essence [ka] of Ptah," a local god.
Western names derive from this, as does the word "Copt" in Arabic, qibt.
In Arabic, the name is Misr. This name is older than the Muslim conquest, but is attested to in the Koran. It can refer to either the whole country or the capital city.
The name itself is an icon, spoken, written, or sung. The population of Egypt is relatively homogeneous. The overwhelming majority over 90 percent are Arabic-speaking Sunni Muslims. About 6 percent are Christians, who are indistinguishable in other respects from the Muslims. Most of the Christians belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church, the historic church of Egypt, but minorities within the minority are Catholic or Protestant, or derive from the churches of the Levant Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholic.
There are a few small linguistic minorities, of which the largest is the Nubians, who speak two Nubian languages Kenuz and Mahas related to the Nilo-Saharan languages of the Sudan.
They represent less than 1 percent of Egypt's population, and are concentrated around Aswan. Other linguistic minorities include a few thousand Berber speakers in Siwa oasis, the easternmost outpost of Berber speech, and the small population of Beja Ababda and Bisharin in the eastern desert east of Aswan.
All these groups are Muslim. There are also urban linguistic enclaves of Armenians, Greeks, Italians, and others.
Another urban enclave was the Jews, now largely emigrated, who spoke either Arabic or various European languages. The urban minorities were much larger before the middle of the twentieth century.
Egypt has an area ofsquare miles 1, square kilometers. The country is separated from its neighbors by either ocean or sparsely populated desert.
To the north is the Mediterranean Sea, and to the east the Red Sea. Egypt is separated from Libya and North Africa by the western desert, from Palestine and Israel by the desert of the Sinai Peninsula, and from the centers of population in the Sudan by desert except along the narrow Nile River.
The highest point is Mount Catherine in the Sinai, at 8, feet 2, meters.Egypt (/ ˈ iː dʒ ɪ p t / (listen) EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ K h ēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai ph-vs.com is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and .
This entire region saw a rapid transformation in the past two decades, catalyzed by surges of annual tourists, with the most notable development being the future construction of Egypt’s new capital city near this coastline.
These destinations pack a powerful punch when it comes to travel-seeking vacationers. Egypt (/ ˈ iː dʒ ɪ p t / () EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ K h ēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai ph-vs.com is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast.
Tours of Egypt, diving, cruises and city breaks Search for cheap flights and hotel deals for your next Sharm el S heikh holidays, relax on the beaches and explore the seas.
Look into cheap travel insurance before going on your holiday. Enjoy a nice vacation with a new paddle board or kayak.
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