Contingency refers to the immediate contingent circumstances. Effective organizations must tailor their planning, organizing, leading, and controlling to their particular circumstances. In other words, managers should identify the conditions of a task, the requirements of the management job, and people involved as parts of a complete management situation.
Contingency Approach to Management Contingency Approach to Management The contingency approach to management emerged from the real life experience of managers who found that no single approach worked consistently in every situation. The basic idea of Contingency approach to management approach is that number management technique or theory is appropriate in all situations.
The main determinants of a contingency are related to the external and internal environment of an organisation. The process, quantitative, behavioral, and systems approaches to management did not integrate the environment.
The often assumed that their concepts and techniques have universal applicability. For example the process theorists often assumes that strategic planning applies to all situations; the quantitative experts generally feel that linear programming can be used under all conditions; the behavioral theorist usually advocates participative goal setting for all superior-subordinate pairs; and the system advocates tend to emphasize the need for computerized information flows in all situations.
On the other hand practicing managers find out that a particular concept or technique from the various approached just does not work effectively in various situations.
The theorists accuse practitioners of not applying the technique properly, and the practitioners accuse the theorists of being unrealistic. The contingency approach does incorporate the environment and attempts to bridge this existing theory-practice gap.
Contingency approach to management advocates that managerial actions and organisational design must be appropriate to the given situation and a particular action is valid only under certain conditions.
There is no one best approach to management and it all depends on the situation.
In other words, managerial action is contingent upon external environment. There is no one best approach for all situations. What a manager does depends upon a given situation and there is an active inter-relationship between the variables in a situation and the managerial action. Contingency theory attempts to analyse and understand these interrelationships with a view towards taking the specific managerial actions necessary to deal with the issue.
This approach is both analytical and situational, with the purpose of developing a practical answer to the question at hand.
The contingency approach to management emerged from the real life experience of managers who found that no single approach worked consistently in every situation. The basic idea of this approach is that number management technique or theory is appropriate in all situations. The contingency approach to management has its roots in general systems theory and the open systems perspective[16,17,18,19], as well as in the Simon-March-Cyert stream of theory and research[20,21,22]. Contingency Approach definition The contingency approach is a management theory that suggests the most appropriate style of management is dependent on the context of the situation and that adopting a single, rigid style is inefficient in the long term.
There are three major elements of the overall conceptual framework for contingency approach to management; the environment, management concepts and techniques and the contingent relationship between them.
Features of Contingency Approach to Management Management is externally situational: Management is entirely situational. There is no best way of doing anything. One needs to adapt himself to the circumstances.
It is a practically suited. Management policies and procedures should respond to environment. Managers should understand that there is no best way of managing.
It dispels the universal validity of principles. Superiority of Contingency Approach Clear-cut emergence of contingency approach to management was noticed after the popularization of systems approach.
The contingency theorists accept open adaptive nature of the organisation and the interdependency between various sub-systems of the organisation.
But they have pointed out that the systems approach does not adequately spell out the precise relationship between organisation and its environment. It is too abstract and difficult to apply in practice. They have tried to modify and operationalise the system framework.
The systems approach to management takes a broader view of organisational variables and employs a comprehensive model of human beings. It takes into account the full range of human needs and motives. On the other hand, contingency approach to management is concerned mainly with the structural adaptation of organisation to the task environment.The contingency approach to management is grounded in Fielder's contingency theory of leadership effectiveness.
The theory argues that a manager's effectiveness is based upon the interplay of task.
The contingency approach to management emerged from the real life experience of managers who found that no single approach worked consistently in every situation. The basic idea of this approach is that number management technique or theory is appropriate in all situations.
The contingency approach also An example of the contingency approach is in business management when a manager deals with challenges as they arise by assigning tasks to employees with relevant skills. The contingency approach to management is based on the idea that there is no one best way to manage and that to be effective, planning, organizing, leading, and controlling must be tailored to the particular circumstances faced by an organization.
Contingency Approach definition The contingency approach is a management theory that suggests the most appropriate style of management is dependent on the context of the situation and that adopting a single, rigid style is inefficient in the long term. Definition of contingency approach: An assumption that no one theory or method for business management can apply to all businesses or to all circumstances.
From a business perspective, using a contingency approach to problem solving.