Evaluate the influence of two major theories of ageing on health and social care provision.
Oftentimes the discussion of psychosocial theories of aging does not include the oldest-old. The purpose of this study was to assess evidence of psychosocial theories of aging within oral history narratives from a subsample of 20 centenarians from the Oklahoma Year Life Oral History Project.
Analysis utilized seven theories: Researchers used content analysis to assess each oral history narrative and noted Activity Theory and Gerotranscendence had the most evidence.
Most centenarians described how they were extremely active well into older adulthood. Common themes across oral history narratives indicated that centenarians maintained a preference for activity such as formal work. Centenarians also reported a readiness for death and little fear of it.
In addition, increased time spent reflecting on spirituality and religion indicated changes in self-discovery. Identification of Disengagement and Socioemotional Selectivity were sparse in the transcripts.
It is possible that to reach such longevity, centenarians relied on their communities and support networks to achieve this status. It is also possible that centenarians outlived individuals in their social networks who were emotionally fulfilling.
Further qualitative work should assess evidence of psychosocial theories among other long-lived older adults. Societies7, 8.
See further details here. Related Articles Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.George Maddox was the first researcher to use the idea of continuity to describe the behavior of aging individuals in when he observed that people tended to engage in similar activities and to continue familiar lifestyle patterns as they age; however, the continuity theory of .
Continuity theory, also called the continuity theory of normal aging, originated in the observation that during the aging process, a large proportion of older adults show consistency in psychological characteristics (e.g., values, motives, attitudes, emotions, personality, etc.) and behavioral features (e.g., activities, relationships, etc.
Aging is a complex process, and the Continuity Theory explores these complexities to a greater extent than the other sociological theories, and within a holistic framework. Aspects of aging are studied in regards to their relation to other aspects of human life.
Objective 27 | Assess the impact of aging on recall and recognition in adulthood. Objective 28 | Summarize the contributions of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies to our understanding of the normal effects of aging on adult intelligence. The activity theory basically says: the more you do, the better you will age.
It makes a certain kind of sense, too. People who remain active and engaged tend to be happier, healthier, and more in touch with what is going on around them.
(noun) Theory asserting that middle-aged and older people adapt their lives to maintain the same activities, social relationships, and ways of thinking (e.g., beliefs, values) as they age.