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Questions of Periodization Nature and causes of changes The fall of classical empires led to decentralization of government in China and in Europe leading up to the period of C. The collapse of the Han dynasty in China opened the door to the spread and appeal of Buddhism into China, since the Confucian authority was no longer centralized.
In the Western Roman Empire, the fall of the west left a power vacuum that set the stage for the rise of fragmented regional kingdoms. In India, the tradition of weak centralized power coupled with the Hindu caste system contributed to the social stability after the fall of the Gupta empire.
The Indian Ocean trade route becomes more prosperous as a result of the collapse of classical empires in Rome and China, which had helped secure the overland trade routes. The rapid growth of Islam after shaped events and societies in parts of Africa, Europe and Southwest Asia.
They were based in Damascus and established a hereditary monarchy. The set up a bureaucratic structure that used local administrators.
Cultures were tolerated as long as they obeyed the rules of the caliphate, and payed a special tax and did not revolt. Arabic was the language used for trade and government.
Abbasid Caliphate - They moved the capital to Baghdad, which was the second largest city in the world then. The size made it difficult to control, and their empire was weakened due to the heavy use of slaves, known as Mamluks.
The Mamluks served in the army and eventually weakened the Abbasid rule. By the mid 9th century, the Abbasid Caliphate had been broken into smaller states, but Islam was the cultural continuity.
Areas under Muslim control were known as "Dar al-Islam". Muslim merchants spread improved irrigation in the region, which led to increases in food production and population.
Cities flourished and manufactured pottery, fabrics and rugs. Paper was introduced from China, and they set up paper mills. Mosques, hospitals, schools and orphanages were set up throughout the empire, which allowed for the spread of intellectual ideas such as algebra, Greek learning, and latitude and longitude.
Universities were also established, such as those in Toledo, Cordoba, and Granada. Women - In early Islamic society, Islam appealed to women because they had equal status in the eyes of God.
Women could keep their dowries as wives and female infanticide was prohibited. Byzantine Empire 4th century - C. Emperor Justinian attempted to reconquer the western portion, but failed. He did succeed at codifying Roman laws Justinian's Code.
He controlled religious and political life and replaced Latin with Greek as the official language. The Byzantine Empire was a strong centralized hereditary monarchy.Change Over Time: Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean trade began in A.D.
and lasted until When the Indian Ocean trade began it was very simple but over the years there were many changes. The desire to have more goods had increased and soon enough so did technology which made the Indian Ocean trade more efficient. A.P World History Wiki. A.P.
World History Notes. Search this site. Navigation. Click on a time period to view notes the Chinese sought to reestablish a presence in the Indian Ocean by imposing control over trade. The period of saw a large increase in volume of long distance trade.
Please review the FAQs and contact us if you find a problem. Credits: 1 Recommended: 9th Test Prep: AP World History This is a broad, survey course; you will need to do additional study to take these exams: Western Civilization I, Western Civilization II (Each is .
AP® WORLD HISTORY SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2—Continuity/Change Over Time BASIC CORE (competence) 0–7 Points 1. Has acceptable thesis. 1 Point • The thesis correctly specifies both change and continuity in the formation of national identity in the region of the Middle East, Southeast Asia, OR Sub-Saharan Africa from to the present.
The Change-Over-Time Essay If one of your pieces of evidence was First the Portuguese, then the Spanish, Dutch, and English replaced Arab merchants as the carriers of goods in the Indian Ocean.
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