Resistance to Defeat Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Old Man and the Sea, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Resistance to Defeat As a fisherman who has caught nothing for the last 84 days, Santiago is a man fighting against defeat. Yet Santiago never gives in to defeat:
Hemingway's Champion In The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway presents the fisherman Santiago as the ideal man--independent in his action, eager to follow his calling, and willing to take chances in life.
The old man's most notable attribute, however, appears to be his unquenchable spirit: In Santiago, the central character in The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway has created a hero who personifies honor, courage, endurance, and faith.
Thesis Sentence No amount of pain or physical abuse can quench Santiago's honor and pride, which remain invincible. Topic Sentence 1 Even in his squalid existence, the old man is proud, saying that he will have fish to eat at home, even though he knows he hasn't any.
He prefers hunger to shame. Also, Santiago faces risk by choosing to go "too far out. His attitude toward this great fish shows the true extent of his honor, for he takes pride in the strength and endurance of his opponent, calling it his brother. To die battling such a powerful fish would not be dishonorable.
In a strange way, Santiago loves the fish even as his kills it. The carcass of the fish is devoured by sharks, much as Santiago's body is torn; but the skeleton, along with the old man's inner spirit, remain unconquered.
Santiago's courage is inseparable from his honor. Topic Sentence 2 As Hemingway once wrote, "Courage is grace under pressure," and this definition suits Santiago's courage perfectly. Santiago never gives in to fear or recriminations.
He does not whine about his bad luck, nor does he blame the hand which temporarily betrays him, the marlin who challenges his strength, or the sharks who steal his catch. Instead, he does the best he can, without complaint or boasting. He honors the marlin for its dignity and tries to protect it against the sharks who would ravage it.
To Santiago, it takes little courage to strike the sharks with his harpoon, with his oar, with his knife. He wishes only that he had brought a stone so he could keep fighting.
For one brief moment, Santiago accepts defeat, saying, "I never knew how easy it is when you're beaten. He has the courage left to return home, to drag himself to his hut, to face Manolin, and to accept the loss of his greatest catch.
This, too, takes courage.
Santiago's ability to endure the harsh life he lives is largely a result of his resignation to the belief that "Pain does not matter to a man. To Santiago, his hands, unwilling to open, responsive only to pain, have minds of their own and are traitors to his will.
Even when his ordeal at sea is over, the old man, by himself, must carry home the mast of his ship, a symbol of his burden and suffering. He may be old, but he still has the endurance of El Campeon.
In spite of hunger and pain and 84 days of bad luck, Santiago keeps the faith he has in himself. Topic Sentence 4 He dreams of days long gone by--of hand-wrestling and of golden lions on the beach of Africa.
He tries to be like Joe DiMaggio who overcame pain a bone spur and believes the baseball player would be proud of him. Santiago has faith that he can be like the sea turtle whose heart keeps beating even in death, and so the old man will never give up.
At the end "something is broken inside," but the old man's eyes remain alive.
The body may be weak, temporary,vulnerable; the spirit is enduring, invincible, eternal. Although he prays and promises to say hundreds of Hail Mary's, Santiago's faith is in himself, not in God. When anyone else would give up, Santiago and Manolin have faith in each other and make plans to fish together.
The very last line foreshadows the old man's renewal in his dreams about the lions of his youth.
Ultimately, Santiago's honor, courage, endurance, and faith are what make him a symbol for the best in any of us. Restated Thesis Sentence Our battles are not with marlins, with sharks, with poverty, or even with old age; yet we all struggle against some foe at some time in our lives.
Hemingway has created a character whose experience can help us in our own battles. Santiago shows us that defeat lies only in refusing the battle, not in losing the fight.A summary of Themes in Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Old Man and the Sea and what it means.
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Among the many aspects of the story, it is the idea of redefining success and victory that makes The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway’s classic novella, so profound.
It is a seemingly simple story: Santiago is an old, experienced fisherman who hasn’t brought in a catch for months. Essays for The Old Man and the Sea. The Old Man and the Sea essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway.
The Old Man and the Sea ph-vs.com - 1 - The Old Man and the Sea By Ernest Hemingway ph-vs.com To Charlie Shribner And To Max Perkins He was an old man who fished alone in a skiff in the Gulf Stream and he had gone The old man was thin and gaunt with deep wrinkles in the back of his neck. The. Among the many aspects of the story, it is the idea of redefining success and victory that makes The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway’s classic novella, so profound.
It is a seemingly simple story: Santiago is an old, experienced fisherman who hasn’t brought in a catch for months. A summary of Themes in Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Old Man and the Sea and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.